11 Sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 16 is legal in certain circumstances. However, sexual interference with anyone under the age of 15 is illegal, regardless of the age of the accused. In some cases, provisions relating to legal rape are incorporated into rape or sexual assault laws that generally apply to violent crimes. For example, New Hampshire defines “criminal sexual assault” as intentional sexual penetration with a person who is at least 13 years of age and under 16 years of age, as well as acts involving the use of physical violence, regardless of the age of either party. Other states have separate crimes specifically related to sexual crimes involving minors. For example, Alaska`s law includes four offenses specifically related to the sexual abuse of a minor. For clarity, the report also uses uniform labels for participants in the violations discussed. The term “accused” refers to the accused or person who would be prosecuted under the law in question. “Victim” means the person against whom the act is alleged to have been committed. While these terms may be overly simplistic, they communicate the legal role that each party plays in relation to the laws discussed in the report.  But just because it`s not illegal to date a minor doesn`t mean nothing in the relationship is allowed.
Some non-sexual behaviors that are common in romantic relationships may still be illegal. For example, in California, a person dating a minor should always take precautions to avoid violating the following laws: State laws that deal with sexual activity with minors are generally included in the section of the penal code that deals with sexual offenses. Each state summary (section III) contains a table listing all the crimes in the law that deal with legal rape. To varying degrees, all state laws provide instructions to mandated registrants for the reporting process.34 States generally require mandated registrants to notify the relevant authorities within one to three days of a case of suspected abuse. Commissioned rapporteurs can usually make an initial report orally by telephone.35 About two-thirds of states require commissioned notifiers to follow their first report with a more detailed written report.36 Each state`s reporting obligations identify specific individuals who are required to inform authorities of alleged abuses. Although it varies from state to state, mandated rapporteurs are usually people who meet children through their professional abilities. In Pennsylvania, the law requires everyone who faces abuse because of their job skills to report it. More commonly, a state`s law refers to a number of specific professions.29 Common occupations include: physical and mental health care providers, teachers, daycare workers, legal professionals (e.g., judges, judges, lawyers, law enforcement officials), clergy, and employees of state agencies who care for children and families.30 In addition, some states designate anyone who cares for or treats children as a mandatory filer (e.g., Alabama, Missouri, Montana). In 18 states, anyone suspected of having been abused is required to notify the appropriate authorities.31 Understanding the different terms used in a state law is particularly important in states where a person is able to legally consent to a particular type of sexual activity. another, however, does not.
For example, Alabama`s laws regarding the legality of sexual activity with people under the age of 16 and over the age of 12 differ depending on the type of activity. In cases involving sexual intercourse, defendants over the age of 16 who are at least 2 years older than the victim are guilty of second-degree rape. However, sexual touching is only illegal in cases where the accused is at least 19 years of age. The age of consent is the age a person must be to legally consent to sexual behaviour. Whenever a person commits sexual acts with someone else who has not reached the age of consent, it is a sex crime. This report focuses on laws that criminalize intentional sexual acts with a minor that would be legal without the age of one or more of the participants.