Mutual Legal Meaning

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The EU has concluded extradition and mutual legal assistance agreements with Japan, Iceland, Norway and the United States of America. Many countries are able to provide a wide range of legal assistance to other countries through their ministries of justice, even in the absence of a treaty, through joint investigations between the law enforcement agencies of the two countries, emergency requests, requests for mutual legal assistance, etc. However, in some developing countries, national laws may indeed create obstacles to effective law enforcement cooperation and mutual legal assistance. [1] MUTUALLY. Everyone. 2. In contracts, consideration must always be provided to make them valid. This sometimes happens on a reciprocal basis, such as when one man promises to pay another a sum of money in exchange for delivering a horse to him, and the latter promises to deliver the horse to him in exchange for payment of the agreed price. When a man and a woman promise to marry, the promise is mutual. It is one of the qualities of a mutual award; But this doctrine is not as strict today as it used to be. 3 margin. 94; see 3 Kaines 254; 4 days, 422; 1 Dall. 364, 365; 6 Green.

247; 8 Green. 315; 6 Selection. 148. 3. To entitle a contracting party to a certain performance of the contract, it must be reciprocal, otherwise it will not be forced. 1 Sch. & Lef. 18; Bunb. 111; Newl.

Contr. 152. See Rose. Civ. Ev. 261. 4. A distinction was made between mutual debts and mutual credits. The former has a more limited meaning than the latter. In bankruptcy cases where a person was indebted to the bankrupt for an amount to be paid at a later date and the bankrupt owed the bankrupt a lower amount, which was then due; This, though strictly not a mutual debt, was mutual credit. 1 ATK.

228, 230; 7 R. T. 378; Burge auf Sur. 455, 457. 15. A request for mutual legal assistance must include: This article builds on a number of previous global and regional initiatives (Dandurand, 2007). It calls upon States parties to afford one another the widest measure of mutual legal assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings. The offences for which assistance should be provided include cross-border “serious crime” involving an organised criminal organisation, offences defined in the Organised Crime Convention itself (participation in an organised criminal organisation, money laundering, corruption and obstruction of justice) and offences referred to in the protocols to that Convention to which States are parties. As provided for in the Organized Crime Convention, mutual legal assistance may be requested for: Modern States have developed mechanisms for requesting and obtaining evidence for criminal investigations and prosecutions. When evidence or other forms of mutual legal assistance, such as testimony or service of documents, are required by a foreign sovereign, States may seek to cooperate informally through their respective law enforcement agencies or resort to what are generally referred to as “letters rogatory”.

[1] The practice of mutual legal assistance has evolved from the Committee-based system of letters rogatory, although it is now much more common for States to address letters rogatory directly to the designated Central Authority in each State. In current practice, such requests can still be made on the basis of reciprocity, but can also be made on the basis of bilateral and multilateral treaties that require countries to provide assistance. Assistance may be refused by both countries (depending on the details of the agreement) for political or security reasons, or if the offence in question is not punishable in the same way in both countries. Some agreements may encourage legal assistance to nationals of other countries. Globalisation and the increasing mobility of people in the EU are creating new opportunities for cross-border crime. For this reason, mutual legal assistance and extradition treaties are essential to put an end to cross-border crime. Interchangeable; Everyone; each acts in return or correspondence with the other; given and received; spoke of a commitment or relationship in which similar duties and obligations are exchanged. “Mutual” is not synonymous with “together”. The latter word, in one of its meanings, means that which is shared equally or differently by two or more persons; However, the former involves mutual action or an interdependent connection. For “accounts”, “consent”, “struggle”, “conditions”, “contracts”, “agreements”, “loans”, “debts”, “insurance”, “insurance company”, “errors”, “promises” and “wills”, see these titles.

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